A. Eagle-Research defines Brown’s Gas (aka BG, HHO or HydrOxy) as:
“A mixture of combustible gasses coming out of an electrolyzer that is specifically designed to electrolyze (split) water and to NOT separate the resulting gasses from each other.”
Electrolysis splits water into hydrogen and oxygen by inserting two electrodes into a solution containing a catalyst and water; then running direct current through the solution.
Hydrogen evolves from the negative electrode (cathode) and oxygen evolves from the positive electrode (anode). There are many catalyst choices.
The difference between traditional and Brown’s Gas (BG) electrolyzers is a ‘membrane’ in the solution between the cathode and anode. The membrane traditionally separates the hydrogen and oxygen into two separate streams.
BG electrolyzers do not have a membrane, so all gasses generated come out the same hose.
Because there is no membrane to interrupt the process, the BG electrolysis can make a third gas, a negatively charged plasma form of water (H2O with extra electrons we call Electrically Expanded Water (ExW)), evolving directly out of the solution (not associated with either electrode); making the BG uniquely different from a traditional H2:O2 mixture.
Brown’s Gas is a ratio of 2 parts hydrogen to 1 part oxygen and usually contains a significant water vapor component.
Brown’s Gas is made using water and electricity in specially designed electrolyzers, like our AquaCure.
Research indicates that Brown’s Gas has characteristics that cannot be achieved by simply mixing bottled hydrogen and oxygen in a stoichiometric ratio.
BG contains H, H2, O, O2, H2O (as water vapor) and a special 6th ‘structured’ gas that shows up in ‘dried gas’ as water vapor; Yull Brown called these structures ‘Fluid Crystal’, Chris Eckman calls it “linear water isomer with extra electrons, stable in a Rydberg Cluster”, professor Ruggero Santilli calls them ‘Magnecules’ and George Wiseman calls it ‘Electrically Expanded Water’ (ExW) (a negatively charged plasma form of water).
The 4th state of water (ExW) then acts like a ‘glue’ that holds ‘structures’ of water together, which is why we think atomic oxygen and hydrogen can exist in a stable form. These structures of water (molecules) can be large enough to be heavier than air.
Here is a 2019 Presentation, George Wiseman gave at an international conference on water in Germany.
Here are George Wiseman’s early theories of what Brown’s Gas may be…
Here is George Wiseman’s 2017 presentation.
Note that he introduced the initial version of AquaCure at ‘less than cost’ to get beta testers. The feedback gave us the AquaCure we have today.
BG is also known under brand names like: Common-Ducted Gas, Rhode’s Gas, Spirig Gas, Hydroxy, Brown Gas, Green Gas, Klein Gas, Aquygen, HHO, SG Gas, Ohmasa Gas, Knallgas, HNG and (erroneously by WikiPedia) OxyHydrogen.
OxyHydrogen is the name of mixed molecular hydrogen (H2) and molecular oxygen (O2) in ratio of 2H2:O2, as you can achieve by mixing bottled gasses or by electrolyzers with a membrane that separates the hydrogen and oxygen, such as PEM/SPE electrolyzers. This mixture is NOT Brown’s Gas because it does not contain the electron rich ExW.
Short History of Browns Gas
Brown’s Gas was originally patented in the 1960’s
The late William Rhodes, of Pheonix Arizona, was awarded the patent 3,310,483 for ‘Multicell OxyHydrogen Generator’ on March 21, 1967 and he called it ‘single-ducted gas‘.
Not much happened with the gas until the late Yull Brown (then in Australia) in the 1970’s patented his own machine for making it.
and started to commercialize the gas for various applications (mostly to replace torch fuel gasses like acetylene). He spent the next 30 years of his life traveling the world, selling his technology and developing variations of his machines.
Yull Brown was particularly effective in the Orient, where China (in particular) was undergoing a MASSIVE buildup and they adopted the Brown’s Gas as a standard welding gas instead of developing an acetylene infrastructure.
During all that time the single-ducted gas was generally known as ‘Brown’s Gas‘.
After that, several people started making variations of Brown’s Gas machines and many of them ‘brand-named’ the gas (it’s all the same gas) to try to get unique market share.
The first variation was HydrOxy, from Alvin Crosby of New Zealand, who was a distributor of Yull Brown but was unhappy with them machine’s design and made a better one.
I’ve been working with Brown’s Gas since 1986 and I’ve honored the name ‘Brown’s Gas’ to honor the inventor that commercialized it. The world would NOT know of this gas if it wasn’t for Yull Brown’s effort over the last 30 years of his life. My version of a Brown’s Gas electrolyzer was half the weight, half the size and produced more gas with half the electricity. It also was simpler, more manufacturable and safer to use.
The name HHO popped into existence via the late Denny Klein just before the huge raise in oil prices in 2007-2008. Denny was featured on FOX News at the time, so the gas got a lot of good publicity with the trade name HHO.
One of the excellent applications of BG is for combustion enhancement (typical 25% reduction in fuel consumption) so when Ozzie Freeman put out an eBook on how to DIY apply HHO to your vehicle and sold over a million copies, the name HHO was then ‘cemented’ in the public consciousness.
There’s lots more to the history, but that’s the gist.
All the ‘trade names’ are for the same gas,
… though Brown’s Gas can vary in QUALITY depending on the quantity (percentage) of Electrically Expanded Water (ExW) contained in the mixture.